India celebrates Constitution Day, Samvidhan or National Law Day on November 26 every year, the day the country adopted the Constitution.
In 2015 the Government of India declared 26 November as Constitution Day.
After independence, the Constituent Assembly entrusted the commission with the responsibility of drafting the Constitution of India. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar has been appointed as the chairperson of the committee. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who later became the first President of India, was the President of the Constituent Assembly.
The Constituent Assembly was established in 1946. It met for 166 days over two years, 11 months, and 18 days.
Dr. Ambedkar completed the draft Constitution of India in 1948 and submitted it to the Council. With some amendments, the constitution was passed on November 26, 1949.And the constitution entered into force on January 26, 1950.
The preamble to the Constitution of India declares the country a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic and aims to ensure justice, freedom and equality for all citizens and to promote brotherhood to preserve the unity and integrity of the nation.
The first ratified constitution did not include the word “socialist”. During the emergency, under the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, the word was added.
Preamble to the Constitution of India
We, the people of India, having resolved to make India a
Social Democratic Socialism The secular republic reassures all its citizens:
social, economic and political justice;
Freedom of thought, expression, belief, belief and worship;
equal status and opportunity; And promote them all
Fraternity is the guarantee of the dignity of the individual and the unity and safety of the nation;
In our Constituent Assembly, on November 26, 1949, we adopt, act and grant this Constitution.
The Constitution of India is one of the longest handwritten documents at 1,17,360 words (in the English version).