May 24, 2024

Explore the Different branches of Engineering

Engineering is the study of science and technology, and the application of scientific principles that are used to develop machines, structures, and various other innovations. Engineering is on top of the most demanded courses in India. You can observe that out of every 10 people, 2 want to become Engineers. Engineering is a very diverse field with more than a hundred specializations to choose from.

The most popular Engineering branches include Computer Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering are some of the main branches of Engineering. Apart from these, there are various other specializations listed below:

Aeronautical Engineering Metallurgical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering Mining Engineering
Automobile Engineering Ocean Engineering
Agriculture and Food Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Biomedical Engineering Power Engineering
Biotechnology Engineering Robotics Engineering
Ceramic Engineering Telecommunication Engineering
Communications Engineering Textile Engineering
Construction Engineering Transportation Engineering
Electronics Engineering Production Engineering
Environmental Engineering Structural Engineering
Industrial Engineering Architectural Engineering
Information Technology Engineering Mechatronics Engineering
Instrumentation Engineering Engineering Physics
Marine Engineering Materials Engineering

Top Engineering Courses that you can apply to

1. Computer Science Engineering

The Information Technology Industry is growing at a fast pace. With that, the demand for Computer science experts who are good at software building is increasing. Some of the topics of the course include programming languages, software design, software engineering principles, operating systems and database management systems.

The top companies that hire Computer Engineers are:
Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, Facebook, Amazon, Intel, HP, Adobe, Oracle, HSBC, Samsung, etc.

2. Mechanical Engineering

India is a country where the manufacturing sector is growing at a good rate. There are many steel, metal, automobile industries that require engineers to function. There is a need for mechanical engineers in the railway sector, mining, ports, and ship-yards, metro corporation, national highways, etc. 

The top companies that hire Mechanical Engineers are: 
DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation), TATA Motors, HPCL (Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited), Ashok Leyland, BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited), Godrej Group, Reliance Industries, Mahindra & Mahindra, etc.

3. Electrical Engineering

The large construction projects of a country such as the building of bridges damns, highways, flyovers, etc. require electrical engineers. They are also needed in electrical component manufacturing companies. There is a steady demand for electrical engineers in our country. They are also hired by railways or defense sectors.

The top companies that hire Electrical Engineers are:
Bajaj International Pvt. Ltd., BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited), Siemens Ltd., Reliance Power Ltd., Wipro Lighting Corporate, Schneider Electric, Havells India Limited, etc. 

4. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is one of the top courses in engineering and the most sought after. Civil Engineers are involved in the construction of dams, ports, bridges, highways, ports and other big infrastructure projects. These projects require site engineers and supervisors. 

The top companies that hire Civil Engineers are:
Engineers India Ltd., PWD (Public Works Department), Indian railways, DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation), DLF, Larsen and Toubro Ltd, HCC (Hindustan Construction Company), TATA Projects Ltd., etc.

5. Chemical Engineering

This branch of Engineering involves the study of the various chemicals and their practical applications. The major part of the job requires research work as they work on solving the various problems in the lives of people. Chemical Engineers are mostly employed by fertilizer, petroleum, food processing industries among others. Some of the important topics of the course include Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Physical Chemistry, Material Science and Technology, and Particulate Science and Technology. 

The top companies that hire Chemical Engineers are:
Indian Oil Corporation, ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation), GlaxoSmithKline, Essar Oil Limited, Coromandel Fertilizers Ltd., Dupont, Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd, Abbott Laboratories, Reliance Industries Limited, HMEL (HPCL-Mittal Energy Limited), etc.

6. Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering has a wide scope in India due to the rise in the healthcare service available in India as well as advancements in the medical field. It is a multidisciplinary field of engineering that involves the application of engineering principles to help the doctors in their medical practice. 

The candidates wishing to pursue a degree in Biomedical Engineering should know about Biology. Some important topics of Biomedical Engineering course include Human Anatomy and Physiology, Dynamics of Bio Fluids, Medical Instrumentation, Digital Image Processing, Biomechanics, Biotelemetry, Principles of Radiological equipment and Hospital safety and management.

The top companies that hire Biomedical Engineers are:
Bharat Serum, Krebs Biochemicals and Industries Limited, Accenture, Siemens Healthcare, Johnson & Johnson, GE Healthcare, Maquet, etc.

Top Engineering Colleges in India

Some of the top institutes for pursuing Engineering in India are:

  • IITs (Indian Institute of Technology)
  • NITs (National Institute of Technology)
  • BITS Pilani (Birla Institute of Science and Technology)
  • VIT Vellore (Vellore Institute of Technology)
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
  • Manipal Institute of Technology
  • Delhi Technological University
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab

Eligibility Criteria

The minimum eligibility criteria for any engineering field courses is as follows:

  • The candidate should have passed 10+2 with the Non-Medical Stream (Physics, Maths, and Chemistry as the main subjects) 
  • The candidate should have scored an aggregate of at least 50% in the class 12th Board Examinations. The minimum required percentile may be different for different colleges.

Engineering Entrance Examinations in India

A majority of the engineering institutes in India accept students based on entrance examinations. The following is a list of the main entrance exams for Engineering in India:

  • JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination)
  • BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)
  • VITEEE (VIT Engineering Entrance Exam)
  • SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)
  • MHT-CET (Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Test)