National Education Day 2019: India’s first Prime Minister of Education of India, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
National Education Day is celebrated every year on 11 November in the country. The birthday of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India’s first Minister of Education, is celebrated.
National Education Day 2019: National Education Day is celebrated on November 11 in commemoration of Maulana Abu Kalam Azad. On this day, many campaigns and programs are organized to spread awareness about education so that people can know and attract it. Mawlana Abu Kalam was born on November 11, 1888.
On this day, many programs and campaigns are organized to spread education and inform all people on how to read and write. The Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) decided on 11 September 2008 to celebrate 11 November as National Education Day every year.
Prime Minister of Education of India
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became Prime Minister of Education in India and established the University Scholarship Committee after India’s independence. Maulana Azad was the youngest speaker of the Indian National Assembly at the age of 35. Azad used to write poems in Urdu. People also know him as a pen warrior. He founded higher education institutions and worked for free education in the country.
About Mawlana Abul Kalam Azad
- His full name was – Mawlana Syed Abul Kalam Ghulam Mohiuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Husseini Azad.
At first, his father was his mentor, but then he was educated at home by a famous teacher in his area.
- Azad learned Arabic and Persian and then studied philosophy, engineering, mathematics, and algebra. He has learned English, world history and politics by studying himself.
- He met two prominent Bengal revolutionaries, Arvind Ghosh and Shri Shyam Sundar Chakraborty, and joined the revolutionary movement against British rule.
He established secret revolutionary centers throughout northern India and Mumbai within two years.
- In 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad began a weekly Urdu newspaper called Al Hilal to increase the sense of patriotism among Muslims.
- He served the country from 1947 to 1958 as Prime Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s government. He died of a heart attack on 22 February 1958.
- He received the Bharat Ratna Award in 1992 for his contribution as a freedom fighter and teacher.
Mawlana Abu Kalam and educational institutions
Abu Kalam Azad established the University Grants Committee (UGC) on December 28, 1953.
- The Institute of Ismaili Studies and the Faculty of Architecture and Planning were established.
- Modern IIT was made by Mawlana Abu Kalam.
He founded Sanjit Natak Academy (1953), Sahiti Academy (1954) and Lalit Kala Academy (1954) to promote education and culture in the country.